Metal-Organic Framework Gels and Monoliths

J. Hou, A. F. Sapnik and T. D. Bennett*, Chem. Sci., 2020, DOI: 10.1039/C9SC04961D.

Relating Structural Disorder and Melting in Complex Mixed Ligand Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework Glasses

M. L. R. Gómez, G. I. Lampronti, Y. Yang, J. C. Mauro and T. D. Bennett*, Dalton. Trans., 2020, DOI:10.1039/C9DT03559A.


Synthesis and Properties of a Compositional Series of MIL-51(Al) Metal-Organic Framework Crystal-Glass Composites

C. W. Ashling, D. N. Johnstone, R. N. Widmer, J. Hou, S. M. Collins, A. F. Sapnik, A. Bumstead, P. A. Chater, D. A. Keen and T. D. Bennett*, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2019, 141, 15641-15648.

Phase diagrams of liquid-phase mixing in multi-component metal-organic framework glasses constructed by quantitative elemental nano-tomography

S. M. Collins, K. E. MacArthur, L. Longley, R. Tovey, M. Benning, C. Schönlieb, T. D. Bennett and Paul A. Midgley*, APL Mater, 2019, 7, 091111.

Gas permeation of sulfur thin-films and potential as a barrier material

X. Jia, T. D. Bennett* and M. G. Cowan*, Membranes, 2019, 9, 72.

Metal-organic framework crystal-glass composites

J. Hou, C. W. Ashling, S. M. Collins, A. Krajnc, C. Zhou, L. Longley, D. N. Johnstone, P. Chater, S. Li, M. V. Coulet, P. L. Llewellyn, F. X. Coudert, D. A. Keen, P. A. Midgley, G. Mali, V. Chen, T. D. Bennett,* Nat. Commun., 2019, 10, 2580.

Rich polymorphism of a metal-organic framework in oressure-temperature space

R. N. Widmer, G. I. Lampronti, S. Chibani, C. W. Wilson, S. Anzellini, S. Farsang, A. K. Kleppe, N. P. M. Casati, S. G. MacLeod, S. A. T. Redfern, F. X. Coudert and T. D. Bennett*,   J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2019141, 9330-9337.

X-ray radiation-induced amorphization of metal-organic frameworks

R. N. Widmer, G. I. Lampronti, N. P. M. Casati, S. Farsang, T. D. Bennett and S. A. T. Redfern*, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2019, 21, 12389-12395.

Novel metal–organic framework materials: blends, liquids, glasses and crystal–glass composites

J. M. Tuffnell, C. W. Ashling, J. Hou, S. Li, L. Longley, M. L. R. Gómez and T. D. Bennett*, Chem. Commun., 2019, Advance Article, DOI: 10.1039/C9CC01468C

R. N. Widmer, G. I. Lampronti, S. Anzellini, R. Gaillac, S. Farsang, C. Zhou, A. M. Belenguer, H. Palmer, A. K. Kleppe, M. T. Wharmby, S. A. T. Redfern, F. X. Coudert,  S. G. Macleod, T. D. Bennett,* Nat. Mater., 2019, 18, 370-376.

Flux-melting of metal-organic frameworks

L. Longley, S. M. Collins, S. Li, I. Eruçar, A. Qiao, J. Hou, C. M. Doherty, A. W. Thornton, A. J. Hill, Xiao Yu, N. J. Terrill, A. J. Smith, S. M. Cohen, P. A. Midgley, David A. Keen, S. G. Telfer and T. D. Bennett,* Chem. Sci., 2019, 10, 3592-3601.

Optical Properties of a Melt-Quenched Metal-Organic Framework Glass

Qiao, H. Tao, M. Carson, S. Aldrich, L. M. Thirion, T. D. Bennett, John C. Mauro*, Yuanzheng Yue*, Opt. Lett., 2019, 44, 1623-1625.

Templated growth of vertically aligned 2D metal–organic framework nanosheets.

H. Li, J. Hou,* T. D. Bennett, J. Liu and Y. Zeng*, J. Mat. Chem. A., 2019, 7, 5811-5818.

Structural evolution in a melt-quenched zeolitic imidazolate framework glass during heat-treatment

J. Zhang, L. Longley, H. Liu, C. W. Ashling, P. A. Chater, K. A. Beyer, K. W. Chapman, H. Tao, D. A. Keen, T. D. Bennett,* and Yuanzheng Yue*, Chem. Commun., 2019, 55, 2521-2524.

Mechanical properties and processing techniques of bulk metal-organic framework glasses

S. Li, R. Limbach, A. Shirzadi, J. C. Walmsley, D. N. Johnstone, P. A. Midgley, L. Wondraczek, T. D. Bennett,* J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2019, 141, 2, 1027-1034.

Prediction of dielectric properties of amorphous ZIFs

H. Wang, N. Li, Z. Hu, T. D. Bennett, X. Zhao and W. Y. Ching, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 2019, 102, 4602-4611.


Subwavelength spatially resolved coordination chemistry of metal-organic framework glass blends

S. M. Collins, D. M. Kepaptsoglou, K. T. Butler, L. Longley, T. D. Bennett, Q. Ramasse and P. A. Midgley*, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2018, 140, 17862-17866.

Prediction of the Glass Transition Temperatures of Zeolitic Imidazolate Glasses through Topological Constraint Theory

Y. Yang, C. J. Wilkinson, K. Lee, K. Doss, T. D. Bennett, Y. K. Shin, A. C. T. van Duin,† and J. C. Mauro*, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2018, 9, 6985-6990.

Metal-organic framework glasses with permanent accessible porosity

C. Zhou, L. Longley, A. Krajnc, G. J. Smales, A. Qiao, I. Erucar, C. M. Doherty, A. W. Thornton, A. J. Hill, C. W. Ashling, O. T. Qazvini, S. J. Lee, P. A. Chater, N. J. Terrill, A. J. Smith, Y. Yue, G. Mali, D. A. Keen, S. G. Telfer and T. D. Bennett, Nat. Commum., 2018, 9, 5042.

Enabling computational design of ZIFs using ReaxFF

Y. Yang, Y. K. Shin, S. Li, T. D. Bennett, A. C. T. Van Duin, J. C. Mauro*, J. Phys. Chem. B., 2018, 122, 9616-9624

Liquid, glass and amorphous solid states of coordination polymers and metal–organic frameworks

T. D Bennett* and S. Horike*, Nat. Rev. Mater.2018, DOI: 10.1038/s41578-018-0054-3

Liquid phase blending of metal-organic frameworks

L. Longley, S. M. Collins, C. Zhou, G. J. Smales, S. E. Norman, N. J. Brownbill, C. W. Ashling, P. A. Chater, R. Tovey, C. Bibiane-Schønlieb, T. F. Headen, N. Terrill, Y. Yue, A. J. Smith, F. Blanc, D. A. Keen, P. A. Midgley and T. D. Bennett,* Nat. Commun., 2018, 9, 2135

Elucidating the variable-temperature mechanical properties of a negative thermal expansion metal-organic framework

J. Heinen, A. D. Ready, T. D. Bennett, D. Dubbeldam, R. W. Friddle, N. C. Burtch, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2018, 10, 21079-21083

Thermodynamic features and enthalpy relaxation in a melt-quenched metal-organic framework glass – ZIF-62

C. Zhou, M. Stepniewska, L. Longley, C. W. Ashling, P. A. Chater, D. A. Keen, T. D. Bennett and Y. Yue*, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 201820, 18291-18296

Ultraselective pebax membranes enabled by templated microphase separation

Y. Zhang, Y. Shen, J. Hou,* Y. Zhang, W. Fam, J. Li, T. D. Bennett and V. Chen, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2018, 10, 20006-20013

Dielectric properties of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks in the broad-band infrared regime

M. R. Ryder, Z. Zeng, K. Titov, Y. Sun, E. M. Mahdi, I. Flyagina, T. D. Bennett, B. Civalleri, C. S. Kelley, M. D. Frogley, G. Cinque, J. C. Tan, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2018, 9, 2678-2684

Linking Defects, Hierarchical Porosity Generation and Desalination Performance in Metal-Organic Frameworks

W. Liang, L. Li, J. Hou, N. D. Shepherd, T. D. Bennett, D. M. D’essandro and V. Chen., Chem. Sci., 2018, 9, 3508-3516

Structural Investigations of Amorphous Metal-Organic Frameworks Formed Via Different Routes

D. A. Keen and T. D. Bennett, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 7857-7861

A Metal-Organic Framework with Ultrahigh Glass-Forming Ability

A. Qiao, T. D. Bennett, H. Tao, A. Krajnc, G. Mali, C. M. Doherty, A. W. Thornton, J. C. Mauro, G. N. Greaves, Y. Yue., Sci. Adv., 2018, 4, eaao6827

Manufacturing Macroporous Monoliths of Microporous Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs)

R. N. Widmer, G. I. Lampronti, B. Kunz, C. Battaglia, J. H. Shepherd, S. A. T. Redfern*,                T. D. Bennett, Appl. Nano. Mater., 2018, 1, 497-500

Tuning the Swing Effect by Chemical Functionalization of Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks

C. L. Hobday*, T. D. Bennett, D. Fairen-Jimenez, A. J. Graham, C. A. Morrison, D. R. Allan, T. Düren, S. A. Moggach, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 140, 382-387.

Polymorph Formation for a Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework Composition – Zn(Im)2

C. Zhou, M. Stepniewska, J. M. Sørensen, L. Scarpa, V. Buffa, G. Magnacca, D. Wang,                  T. D. Bennett and Y. Yue., Micro. Meso. Mater.265, 57-62.



Liquid metal–organic frameworks

R. Gaillac, P. Pullumbi, K. A. Beyer, K. W. Chapman, D. A. Keen, T. D. Bennett* and F.X Coudert*, Nat. Mater., 16, 1149-1155.


Interplay between defects, disorder and flexibility in metal-organic frameworks

 T. D. Bennett*, A. K. Cheetham, A. H. Fuchs and F. X. Coudert*, Nat. Chem., 9, 11-16.


Mechanical properties in metal-organic frameworks: Emerging opportunities and challenges for device functionality and technological applications

N. C, Burtch*, J. Heinen, T. D. Bennett, D. Dubbeldam, M. Allendorf, Adv. Mater., 1601705.


Uncovering a reconstructive solid–solid phase transition in a metal–organic framework

L. Longley , N. Li, F. Wei and T. D. Bennett*, R. Soc. Open Sci., 4, 171355

Tackling the Defect Conundrum in UiO-66: A Mixed-Linker Approach to Engineering Missing Linker Defects

Bueken, N. Van Velthoven, A. Krajnc, S. Smolders, F. Taulelle, C. Mellot-Draznieks, G. Mali, T. D. Bennett, D. De Vos*, Chem. Mater., 2017, 29, 10478-10486


Melt-quenched hybrid glasses from metal-organic frameworks

H. Tao, T. D. Bennett*, Y. Yue*, Adv. Mater., 1601705.


Gel-Based Morphological Design of Zirconium Metal-organic Frameworks

B. Bueken, N. Van Velthoven, T. Willhammar, T. Stassin, I. Stassen, D. A. Keen, G. V. Baron, J. F. M. Denayer, R. Ameloot, S. Bals, D. De Vos* and T. D. Bennett* Chem. Sci., 8, 3939-3948.


Detecting Molecular Rotational Dynamics Complementing the Low-Frequency Terahertz Vibrations in a Zirconium-Based Metal-Organic Framework

M. R. Ryder, B. Van de Voorde, B. Civalleri, T. D. Bennett, S. Mukhopadhyay, G. Cinque, F. Fernandez-Alonso, D. De Vos, S. Rudić and J. C. Tan, Phys. Rev. Lett., 118, 255502.


Tracking Thermal-Induced Amorphization of a Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework via Synchrotron In Situ Far-Infrared Spectroscopy

M. R. Ryder, T. D. Bennett, C. Kelley, M. D. Frogley, G. Cinque and J. C. Tan, Chem. Commun., 53, 7041-7044.


Amorphous-amorphous transition in a porous coordination polymer

H. Ohtsu, T. D. Bennett, T. Kojima, D. A. Keen, Y. Niwa, and M. Kawano, Chem. Commun., 53, 7060-7063.


Neutron and X-ray total scattering study of hydrogen disorder in fully hydrated hydrogrossular, Ca3Al2(O4H4

D.A. Keen*, D. S. Keeble, T. D. Bennett, Phys. Chem. Miner., 10.1007/s00269-017-0923-0



Template-based synthesis of a formate metal-organic framework/activated carbon fibre composite for high-performance methane adsorptive separation

X. Liu, J. Hu, T. Sun*, Y. Guo, T. D. Bennett*, X. Ren and S. Wang*, Chem. Asian. J., 11, 3014-3017.

Melt-Quenched Glasses of Metal-Organic Frameworks

T. D. Bennett*, Y. Yue, P. Lim A. Qiao, H. Tao, G. N. Greaves, T. Richards, G. I. Lampronti, Simon. A. T. Redfern, F. Blanc, O. K. Farha, J. T. Hupp, A. K. Cheetham and D. A. Keen, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 138, 3484-3492.


Porosity in metal–organic framework glasses

A. W. Thornton, K. E. Jelfs, K. Konstas, C. M. Doherty, A. J. Hill, A. K. Cheetham, T. D. Bennett, * Chem. Comm., 52, 3750-2753.


Geometric frustration in UiO frameworks: A computational and experimental approach linking disorder, high-pressure behaviour and mechanical properties

C. H. Hobday, R. J. Marshall, C. F. Murphie, J. Sotelo, T. Richards, D. Allen, T. Duren, F. X. Coudert, R. S. Forgan,* C. A. Morrison,* S. A. Moggach,* T. D. Bennett,*Angew. Chem. Intl. Ed., 128, 2447-2451.


Connpccp15ecting defects and amorphization in UiO-66 and MIL-140 metal-organic frameworks: A combined experimental and computational study

T. D. Bennett,* T. K. Todorova, E. F. Baxter, D. G. Reid, C. Gervais, B. Bueken, B. Van de Voorde, D. De Vos, D. A. Keen, and C. Mellot-Draznieks, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 18, 2192-2201.


dlatondefectsDefects and Disorder in MOFs

A. K. Cheetham, T. D. Bennett, F. X Coudert, and A. L. Goodwin, Dalton Trans., 45, 4113-4126.




Postsforgantocynthetic Bromination of UiO-66 Analogues: Altering Linker Flexibility and Mechanical Compliance

R. J. Marshall, T. Richards, C. Hobday, C. Murphy, C. Wilson, S. A. Moggach, T. D. Bennett* R. S Forgan* Dalton Trans., 45, 4132-4235.


A Comparison of the Amorphization of Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks (ZIFs) and Aluminosilicate Zeolites by Ball-milling

E. F. Baxter, T. D. Bennett, Cairns, A., Brownbill, N. J, Goodwin, A. L, Chater, P, Blanc, F and Cheetham, Dalton Trans., 45, 4258-4268.



Hybrid glasses from strong and fragile metal-organic framework liquids


T. D. Bennett,* J. C. Tan, Y. Z. Yue, E. Baxter, C. Ducati, N. Terril, H. H. M. Yeung, Z. Zhou, W. Chen, S. Henke, A. K. Cheetham, G. N. Greaves*, Nat Commun, 6, 8079.


Combined experimental and computational NMR study of crystalline and amorphous zeolitic imidazolate frameworks

E. F Baxter, T. D Bennett, C. Mellot-Draznieks, C. Gervais, F. Blanc, A. K. Cheetham, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17, 25191-25196.



Amorphous metal-organic frameworks for drug delivery

Orellana-Tavra, E. Baxter, T. Tian, T. D. Bennett, N. K. H. Slater, A. K. Cheetham, D. Fairen-Jimenez*, Chem Commun., 51, 13878-13881.



Extreme flexibility in a zeolitic imidazolate framework: Porous to dense phase transition in desolvated ZIF-4

Wharmby, S. Henke, T. D. Bennett, S. Bajpe, I. Shwedler, S. P. Thompson, F. Gozzo, P. Simoncic, C. Mellot-Draznieks, Y. Z. Yue, A. K. Cheetham, Angew. Chem. Intl. 54, 6447-6451.



Improving the mechanical stability of zirconium-based metal-organic frameworks by incorporation of acidic modulators

Van De Voorde, I. Stassen, B. Bueken, F. Vermootele, D. De Vos, R. Ameloot, Jin-Chong Tan* and T. D. Bennett*, J. Mat. Chem. A., 3, 1737-1742.


CE017002.inddMechanical properties of zeolitic metal-organic frameworks: mechanically flexible topologies and stabilization against structural collapse

T. D. Bennett*, J. Sotelo, Jin-Chong Tan and S. A. Moggach, CrystEngComm, 17, 286-289.



Solid-state conversion of a dense metal-organic framework from a crystalline insulator to an amorphous semiconductor

S. Tominaka, S. Hamoudi, T. Suga, T. D. Bennett, A. Cairns and A. K. Cheetham,  Chemical Science, 6, 1465-1473.


zhao2015daltoncoverPressure-induced oversaturation and phase transition in zeolitic imidazolate frameworks with remarkable mechanical stability

P. Zhao, T. D. Bennett, N. Casati, G. I. Lampronti, S. Moggach and S. Redfern, Dalton Trans., 44, 4498-4503



Mechanically and chemically robust ZIF-8 monoliths with high volumetric adsorption capacity

T. Tian, J. Velazquez-Garcia, T. D. Bennett and D. Fairen-Jimenez, J. Mat. Chem. A., 3, 2999-3005.


Crystallography of metal-organic frameworks

T.D. Bennett* and F. Gandara*, IUCrJ, 1, 563-570.


Identifying the role of terahertz vibrations in metal-organic frameworks: From gate-opening phenomenon to shear-driven structural destabilization

M. R. Ryder, B. Civalleri, T. D. Bennett, Jin-Chong Tan, Phys. Rev. Lett., 113, 215502.


Amorphous metal-organic frameworks

T. D. Bennett* and A. K. Cheetham*, Acc. Chem. Res., 47, 1555-1562.



Thermochemistry of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) with varying porosity
J. T. Hughes, T. D. Bennett, A. K. Cheetham and A. Navrotsky, J. Am. Chem. Soc.,          135, 598-60.


Ball milling induced amorphization of novel and existing zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) for the irreversible trapping of Iodine
T. D. Bennett, P. J. Saines, D. A. Keen, Jin-Chong Tan and A. K. Cheetham, Chem. Eur. J., 19, 7049-7055.



Negative linear compressibility of a metal-organic framework
W. Li, M. R. Probert, M. Kosa, T. D. Bennett, A. Thirumurugan, R. P. Burwood, M. Parinello, J. A. K. Howard, A. K. Cheetham, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 134, 11940-11943.


Amorphization of the prototypical zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-8 by ball milling
S. Cao, T. D. Bennett, D. A. Keen, A. L. Goodwin, A. K. Cheetham, Chem Commun., 48, 7805-7807.


Exceptionally low shear modulus in a prototypical imidazole-based metal-organic framework
Jin-Chong Tan, B. Civalleri, Chung-Cherng Lin, L. Valenzano, R. Galvelis, Po-Fei Chen, T. D. Bennett, C. Mellot-Draznieks, C. M. Zicovich-Wilson, A. K. Cheetham, Phys. Rev. Lett., 108, 095502.



 Facile Mechanosynthesis of amorphous zeolitic imidazolate frameworks

T. D. Bennett, S. Cao, Jin-Chong Tan, D. A. Keen, Erica. G. Bithell, P. J. Beldon, T. Friscic, A. K.   Cheetham, J. Am. Chem. Soc.,133, 14546-14549.


Reversible pressure-induced amorphization of a zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-4)
T. D. Bennett, P. Simoncic, S.A. Moggach, F. Gozzo, P. Macchi, D. A. Keen, J. C. Tan,
A. K. Cheetham, Chem. Commun., 47, 7983-7985.


Diffraction study of pressure-amorphized ZrW2O8 using In-situ and recovered samples
D. A. Keen, A. L. Goodwin, M. G. Tucker, J. A. Hriljac, T. D. Bennett, M. T. Dove, A. K. Kleppe, A. P. Jephcoat, M. Brunelli, Phys. Rev. B, 064109.


Thermal amorphization of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks
T. D. Bennett, D. A. Keen, J. C. Tan, E. R. Barney, A. L. Goodwin, A. K. Cheetham, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 50, 3067.



Structure and properties of an amorphous metal-organic framework
T. D. Bennett, A. L. Goodwin, M. T. Dove, D. A. Keen, M. G. Tucker, E. R. Barney, A. K. Soper, E. G. Bithell, J. C. Tan, A. K. Cheetham, Phys. Rev. Lett.,104, 115503.


Mechanical properties of dense zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs): A high-pressure X-ray diffraction, nanoindentation and computational study of the zinc framework Zn(Im)2, and its lithium-boron Analogue, LiB(Im)4

T. D. Bennett, J. C. Tan, S. A. Moggach, R. Galvelis, C. Mellot-Draznieks, B. A. Reisner,
A. Thirumurugan, D. R. Allan, A. K. Cheetham, Chem. Eur. J. 16, 10684.


Chemical structure, network topology, and porosity effects on the mechanical properties of ZIFs
J. C. Tan, T. D. Bennett, A. K. Cheetham, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 107, 9938.



The effect of pressure on ZIF-8: Increasing pore size with pressure and the formation of a high-pressure phase at 1.47 GPa
S. A. Moggach, T. D. Bennett, A. K. Cheetham, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 48, 7087.